A study published in The Lancet helps confirm that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurologic disease marked by structural differences in several subcortical regions of the brain, compared with the non-ADHD population. An international collaborative effort involving geneticists, neurologists, and psychiatrists from the ENIGMA ADHD Working Group found significantly smaller brain volume in the accumbens,…

According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the risk of a mental health condition, like depression, anxiety disorders, or post-traumatic stress disorder, is almost three times as high for youth and adults who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) – or those with a sexuality that doesn’t apply to any existing category….

Up to 30% of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) do not respond to antidepressant medication, while other patients show only a partial response, underscoring the need for effective treatment alternatives for MDD. Rather than looking toward novel pharmacologic therapies, however, increasing evidence suggests that dietary lipids may be a worthy focus. A growing body…

Most people consider maternal mental health to be synonymous with postpartum depression. However, there are many other similar disorders, collectively described as perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs). One such disorder is postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder. While PTSD as a whole used to be characterized as an anxiety disorder in the fourth edition of the…

A new Swedish study shows that mindfulness group therapy is just as effective as individual CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) for the treatment of patients with a wide range of psychiatric symptoms, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, aggression, and paranoid ideation. The study was conducted by researchers at the Center for Primary Healthcare Research (CPF) in…

You’ve probably heard about the rising importance of the microbiome — otherwise known as your gut bacteria. Researchers have started to find interesting links between the naturally occurring bacteria that live in our guts, and things we’ve traditionally attributed to the brain. Things like our mood, feelings, and even thoughts. We now know, for instance,…

Major depressive disorder (MDD) has the highest lifetime prevalence of any psychiatric disorder. Rates of chronic MDD are conservatively estimated to be at approximately 20%, with high rates of relapse and recurrence also reported. It has been hypothesized that deficits in cognitive processes are predictive of future major depressive episodes. Available evidence suggests that over…

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